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Funded by: The Research Council of Norway, FRIPRO
Main contact: Prof. Fiona Macpherson
Start date: 2015
End date: 2018
The distinction between sense perception and cognition is basic to our pre-scientific conception of the mind, and has been of momentous importance in the history of philosophy. Recent developments in philosophy and the cognitive sciences, though, call for re-examination of the difference between sense and thought.
In light of these new developments, a thorough investigation that focuses directly on the boundary between these two central mental capacities is called for. Is there a clear distinction at all? Is there one contrast or many? Is there continuity or discontinuity? If there is an important distinction, how is it to be characterized? In order to understand the boundary between perception and cognition, a novel and systematic approach is needed.
We will consider four aspects of the boundary between perception and cognition and their interrelations.
Temporality: is there a difference in the temporal profile of perception and cognition? If there is, how is it to be characterized, and what are its consequences?
Conceptuality: in what ways are conceptual capacities involved in perception? Are there non-conceptual forms of cognition, and how - if at all - do these differ from non-conceptual forms of perception?
Modularity: what should we make of the alleged modularity of perception in light of findings concerning top-down processing and sensory integration? To what extent does the involvement of attention in both perception and cognition pose a threat to modularity?
Immediacy: is perceptual experience uniquely characterized by phenomenal immediacy, or does such immediacy also apply to some forms of cognition? How is phenomenal immediacy to be theoretically captured?